Unit 1012 Cover Photo

Unit 1012 Cover Photo

Wednesday, April 15, 2015


70 years ago on this date, April 15, 1945, German Resistance Member, Friedrich Von Rabenau was shot dead at Flossenbürg concentration camp. As the German Resistance had inspired the comrades of Unit 1012, let us not forget them and remember them as heroes who stood against evil.

We will post information about Friedrich Von Rabenau from Wikipedia

Friedrich von Rabenau

10 October 1884
Berlin, German Empire
15 April 1945 (aged 60)
Flossenbürg concentration camp
  • German Empire
  • Weimar Germany
  • Nazi Germany
Years of service
1903 - 1942
General of Artillery
  • World War I
  • World War II
Friedrich von Rabenau (10 October 1884 – 15 April 1945) was a German career-soldier, general, theologian, and opponent of National Socialism.


Rabenau was born in Berlin to the physician Friedrich von Rabenau (1847–1885) and Wally, née Noebel. He joined the Prussian Army in 1903 as a member of the 72nd Field Artillery Regiment (stationed at Danzig), served in World War I, and remained in the Weimar German Reichswehr. In 1936, Von Rabenau was assigned by the then head of the general staff, Generaloberst Ludwig August Theodor Beck, to establish (from the Reichsarchiv) the first central archive of the German army, in Potsdam. Well suited to the task, Rabenau strove to prevent ideological falsifications with a scientific diligence in gathering sources that was second to none.

His Christian beliefs led him to join the opposition to Nazism early. Rabenau was a Rechtsritter ("Knight of Justice") in the supradenominational Order of Saint John. As a Protestant Christian and a general, he successfully applied to then Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler for permission to take over Maria Laach Abbey, which had been seized from Roman Catholic Cardinal Graf von Galen in Münster. Rabenau joined no resistance group, though he did act as a conduit between Generaloberst Ludwig Beck and Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, whom he knew from his time as an Abteilungskommandeur ("Section Commander") in Königsberg (now Kaliningrad).

In mid-1942 Von Rabenau was relieved of his office, transferred to the Führerreserve (a classification for high-ranking officers who were without billet which was often used by Hitler to push aside officers with whom he was not pleased) at his current rank of General der Artillerie ("General of Artillery"), and thus sent into premature retirement. He studied Protestant theology at the University of Berlin and in 1943 was made Licentiatus theologiae, writing his dissertation on military chaplaincy.

Von Rabenau was arrested in the aftermath of the plot which culminated in the attempt on Hitler's life on July 20, 1944. On April 15, 1945, without having been charged or tried, General von Rabenau, one of the last inmates remaining in the Flossenbürg concentration camp, was shot on the specific orders of Himmler. The execution order was issued by Gestapo Chief Heinrich Müller with additional orders to report his death as resulting from a low-flying allied air attack. The Flossenburg Memorial erroneously gives Rabenau's date of judicial murder as April 9, 1945. Surviving him were his widow Eva Kautz and their two daughters.

Friedrich von Rabenau

Awards and decorations

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
  • Die alte Armee und die junge Generation; Berlin: Mittler, 1925.
  • Operative Entschlüsse gegen einen an Zahl überlegenen Gegner; Berlin: Mittler, 1935.
  • Seeckt; Leipzig: V. Hase & Koehler, 1938.
  • Scharnhorst nach 1808 - Seeckt nach 1918; Berlin: Landesgeschichtl. Vereinigg. f. d. Mark Brandenburg, 1939.
  • Buch und Schwert; Leipzig: Oberbürgermeister, 1940.
  • Von Geist und Seele des Soldaten; Berlin: Eher, 1940.
  • Geistige und seelische Probleme im jetzigen Krieg; Berlin: Eher, 1940.
  • Vom Sinn des Soldatentums; Köln: Du Mont Schauberg, 1941.
    • Hans von Seeckt. Aus seinem Leben 1866-1917.
    • Hans von Seeckt. Aus seinem Leben 1918-1936.
From Liste der auszusondernden Literatur (Berlin: Zentralverlag, 1946), Deutsche Verwaltung für Volksbildung in der sowjetischen Besatzungszone

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