On this day 31 May 1962, Adolf Eichmann was hanged shortly before midnight on May 31, 1962, at a prison in Ramla, Israel. His executioner was Shalom Nagar, an Israeli Jew of Yemenite origin. Eichmann allegedly refused a last meal, preferring instead a bottle of Carmel, a dry red Israeli wine, consuming about half the bottle. He also refused to don the traditional black hood for his execution.
Shortly after the execution, Eichmann's body was cremated in a specially designed furnace, and a stretcher on tracks was used to place the body into it. The next morning, June 1, his ashes were scattered at sea over the Mediterranean, beyond the territorial waters of Israel by an Israeli Navy patrol boat. This was to ensure that there could be no future memorial and that no country would serve as his final resting place.
Who is Adolf Eichmann?
Adolf Eichmann (March 19, 1906 – May 31, 1962) was a German Nazi SS-Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant Colonel) and one of the major organizers of the Holocaust. Because of his organizational talents and ideological reliability, Eichmann was charged by Obergruppenführer (General) Reinhard Heydrich with the task of facilitating and managing the logistics of mass deportation of Jews to ghettos and extermination camps in German-occupied Eastern Europe. After the war, he fled to Argentina using a fraudulently obtained laissez-passer issued by the International Red Cross. He lived in Argentina under a false identity, working for Mercedes-Benz until 1960. He was captured by Mossad operatives in Argentina and taken to Israel to face trial in an Israeli court on 15 criminal charges, including crimes against humanity and war crimes. He was found guilty and executed by hanging in 1962. He is the only person to have been executed in Israel on conviction by a civilian court.
Quotes by Adolf Eichmann
Check this link: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Adolf_Eichmann
Moshe Landau (Hebrew: משה לנדוי, 29 April 1912 – 1 May 2011) was an Israeli jurist. He was the fifth President of the Supreme Court of Israel. Landau was born in Danzig, Germany (modern Gdańsk, Poland) to Dr. Isaac Landau and Betty née Eisenstädt. His father was a leading member of the Jewish Community of Danzig In 1930 he finished high school in the Free City of Danzig and in 1933 he graduated cum laude from the University of London school of law. That year, he immigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine. In 1937 he was admitted to the Bar of Palestine. In 1940 he was made judge in the Magistrate's Court of Haifa and was appointed to the District Court in 1948. Member of the International Court of Justice. Chairman of the World Zionist Congress tribunal. Chairman of the advisory Commissions on reforming the Israeli Land Law, criminal procedure and administrative tribunals. Chairman of the Commission for recognition of righteous among the nations in Yad Vashem. From 1956 to 1962 and from 1965 to 1966 he served as Chairman of the board of directors of the Technion.
When the Eichmann trial opened on April 11 1961 under the close scrutiny of the world's media, Landau read out a 15-count indictment which included charges of "causing the killing of millions of Jews", "torture", and placing "many millions of Jews in living conditions that were calculated to bring about their physical destruction". He and his fellow judges took pains to spell out the basis of the court's claim to jurisdiction. The state of Israel, they argued, represented all Jews: "To argue that there is no connection is like cutting away a tree root and branch and saying to its trunk: I have not hurt you."
Landau also dealt deftly with Eichmann's claim that he had simply been following orders and had been but a small cog in the Nazi machine. "A soldier, too, must have a conscience," Landau declared.
On May 31 1962, Israeli President Yitzhak Ben-Zvi turned down Adolf Eichmann's petition for mercy. On the telegram that Eichmann's wife, Vera, sent in support of the clemency, Ben-Zvi added in his handwriting a passage from the First Book of Samuel: "As your sword bereaved women, so will your mother be bereaved among women." (1 Samuel 15:33, Samuel's words to Agag, king of the Amalekites). Eichmann was hanged a few minutes before midnight on May 31, 1962, at a prison in Ramla, Israel. - Yitzhak Ben-Zvi (Hebrew: יצחק בן צבי, born 24 November 1884, died 23 April 1963) was a historian, Labor Zionist leader, the second and longest-serving President of Israel.
Let us remember the 6 million Jews who were killed during World War II. I am personally happy that Adolf Eichmann was executed for his war crimes because if was allowed to keep his life, it will be an insult to the 6 million Jews who were murdered because of the Nazis. I hope that Israel will also bring back capital punishment for terrorists and mass murderers.
Remember Ronald Reagan’s speech: I warned that there should be no place on Earth where terrorists can rest and train and practice their deadly skills. I meant it. I said that we would act with others, if possible, and alone if necessary to ensure that terrorists have no sanctuary anywhere. Tonight, we have. (Address to the Nation on the United States Air Strike Against Libya April 14, 1986)